Sabal mexicana

Mexican Sabal

Landscape Environment

Grow Region: 8-11


Drought Tolerance: High

Cold Tolerance: 16 to 18 F

Salt Tolerance:


Light: Full sun


Mature Height: 30-50 feet

Trunk: Corky, rough rings, up to 32 inches in diameter with saxaphone base , solitary

Leaf: 80-115 leaflets with characteristic threads unraveling along the margins

Leaf Petiole: wide, 6-7 foot or longer

Armature: none, sharp petiole margins


Flowers: branched

Fruit: 14.8 millimeters, slighly flattened, round-oval and black when ripe

Human Uses:


Subfamily: Coryphoideae

Tribe: Corypheae

Subtribe: Sabalinae

Item #: 5450-1
Availability: In Stock
In Stock Quantity: 83

The Sabal mexicana palm is native to the Texas Rio Grande Valley and Mexico and offers up a stately, tropical appearance. S. mexicana has large prominent costapalmate leaves divided about 1/3 the length of the leaf, arching strongly downward along their costa and deeply folded, giving the leaf a natural curving arch that helps protect against wind. The leaf stalks are robust, holding up a large frond with deep green, large leaf segments, with bifid, drooping tips.

As a group, Sabals are readily distinguished from other palms by their split bases that turn a whitish grey with age and form an attractive crisscross pattern along the trunk. However, there is much confusion when it comes to identifying a species within the genus. The S. mexicana when compared to the S. Riverside specimens at the Grove have several distinguishing traits. The most obvious among them being a fruit and seed more than double the size of the Riverside palm. The trunk of the Mexicana is also a bit narrower that the S. Riverside, with a slightly slower rate of vertical growth. The persistent leave bases and petioles are a darker shade of green, and the fibrous sheaths between the split leaf bases is darker in color, more spindly, loose handing fibers, whereas the S. Riverside sheaths appear tightly woven, have a lighter red hue and a tidier look. The leaf bases of the S. Riverside are a lighter shade of green and more quickly lose their green pigment when cut, whereas the S. Mexican leaf bases tend to hold a deep green hue for longer after cut.

Price: $80.00
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    Clear Trunk Height:

    How we measure palms

    Conditions for Growth

    The tree excels in the loam soil of the Riverside Grove, grown in full sun with intense heat (an good irrigation) during the summer and cold nights during the winter. Cold hardy down to 15 degrees.

    Growth Rate and Size

    Moderate to fast grower at 12 inches per year.


    An attrative tree with split leaf bases on a 12-14 inch trunk that grows to 30-40 feet, with long petioles, unarmed with with sharp margins. The leaf is deeply costapalmate, folded, with long, robust green segments, bifid tips, often drooping at the ends.