Trachycarpus fortunei

Windmill Palm

Landscape Environment

Grow Region: 7b-11

Origin: Himalayas to Northern Thailand and China

Drought Tolerance: High

Cold Tolerance: Very high, 5 F

Salt Tolerance: Moderate

Soil: Extremely adaptable

Light: High to Moderate


Mature Height: 30 to 35 feet

Trunk: , solitary

Leaf: deeply and variously divided almost to base, rigid segements, slighly bifid at tips, forming petticoat below crown

Leaf Petiole: 1.5 feet long, slender

Armature: teeth on margins

Color: Dark Green


Fruit: 1/2 inch, kidney shaped

Human Uses:


Subfamily: Coryphoideae

Tribe: Corypheae

Subtribe: Thrinacinae

Item #: 5561-1
Availability: In Stock
In Stock Quantity: 279
Price: $75.00
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    Clear Trunk Height:

    How we measure palms

    Conditions for Growth

    This palm has the distinction of being the hardiest of all the palms. Capable of growing far into the Northern hemisphere, it is not uncommon to see images of this palm covered in a layer of snow. This palm perfers a loam soil, with a perference for clay over sand and good drainage. Our collection in Riverside responds well to the loam soil and hot summer temperatures.

    Growth Rate and Size

    The Windmill palm has a moderate to fast growth rate of 6 - 12 inches per year, with the faster rate being the standard among specimens in our Riverside grove. Total height can vary from 15 to 30 feet or more.


    Solitary trunk with persistent, fiberous, dark brown to black leaf bases that turn a shade of gray over time in the full sun. The net-like leaf bases form a cheesecloth, wholly matting. Not only is this an identifying characteristic of this palm, but it is also quite useful as a liner for the bottom of planter pots! Palmate leaves 2-3 feet across, stiff, dark green segments deeply divided atop relatively short petioles of 1.5 to 2 feet. When neglected, this palm looks a bit like a slightly taller version of Mediteranian Fan palm, but with solitary stem habit and blunt teeth on the petiole.